Blog Post

What is XSLT mapping in SAP CPI?

October 16, 2023

XSLT Mapping is one subject that frequently leaves people perplexed when navigating the complex world of SAP CPI (Cloud Platform Integration). It has a lot of words in it, doesn't it? Nevertheless, do not worry; in this blog, we will simplify everything as much as we can. Consider XSLT Mapping as the enchanted interpreter in the SAP CPI universe, facilitating flawless system communication. In this blog, we'll set out on a quest to discover what XSLT Mapping is all about and how it affects SAP CPI.

Understanding XSLT Mapping

A language called XSLT is used to convert XML texts into other forms. You can do the following with SAP CPI and XSLT mapping: Data transformation: Use XSLT templates to transform XML data from one format to another. When you need to map data from one XML structure to another, this is really helpful.

XSLT mapping is an effective method for facilitating data transformations in the context of SAP CPI. You can declare a series of rules that describe how the source XML data should be converted into the appropriate target format using this tool.

An XSLT mapping strategy that specifies how each element and attribute in the source XML should be transformed into the target XML is used to act on XML data structures. In order to ensure that data is reliably and effectively transformed in accordance with your business goals, it offers a structured, rule-based approach to the process.

Benefits of XSLT Mapping in SAP CPI

The benefits of XSLT mapping in SAP Cloud Integration is as follows:

  1. Data Consistency: Data consistency can be achieved by XSLT mapping, which is one of its main benefits. You can preserve the integrity of your data as it flows across various systems and apps by establishing precise rules for transformation.
  2. Flexibility: Data transformations are flexible when using XSLT mapping. The mapping rules can be adjusted and changed as your company's needs evolve. In a fluid corporate world, adaptation is crucial.
  3. Integration Capabilities: The smooth integration of SAP CPI with multiple systems is a key feature. This integration is made possible through XSLT mapping, which makes sure that data is formatted correctly for each target system.
  4. Efficiency: A crucial component of XSLT mapping is efficiency. Processes for transforming data are streamlined, which lowers the chance of mistakes.

Perform XSLT Mapping in SAP CPI

Consider an example in SAP Cloud Integration in which we have the source xml.

At the target side, or in the output we want that the Employee whose age is not mentioned should be excluded from the xml. So in this case we used the XSLT Mapping.

In your Cloud Integration, Select the XSLT Mapping from the pallet and add as the step in the integration flow.

In the XSLT Mapping, we will provide the following code, in which those element will be deleted which will not have the Age.

Now, after adding the code, we will check the output while running the Simulation mode. We will provide the input xml in the body and we will get the following output after successful simulation run.

The Employee name John has been deleted as there is not age for this employee.

Best Practices for Effective XSLT Mapping

While you are on your journey to mastering XSLT Mapping, here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Keep it Simple: Don't overcomplicate your XSLT programs.
  • Use Comments: Annotate your XSLT code for future reference.
  • Version Control: Keep track of changes.
  • Regular Backups: Just in case.

XSLT Mapping vs. Other Mapping Techniques

Now, you might be wondering if XSLT Mapping is the only way to achieve data transformation in SAP CPI. Well, there are other techniques like Message Mapping and Java Mapping. Here's a quick comparison:

  • XSLT Mapping: Ideal for XML transformations, flexible and versatile.
  • Message Mapping: Good for XML and non-XML data, has a graphical tool for mapping.
  • Java Mapping: Powerful, but requires Java programming skills.

Your choice depends on your specific needs and your comfort level with these tools. To lean more about different between all the three mapping types in SAP CPI, you can refer to our blog"SAP CPI Message Mapping Examples (Groovy, XSLT, Graphical)"


In conclusion, XSLT Mapping is the unsung hero in the SAP CPI world. It bridges the gap between different systems, making data integration a breeze. So, the next time you see XSLT Mapping in your SAP CPI toolbox, you'll know it's your trusty sidekick, ready to make data transformation as simple as turning the pages of your favorite book.

Frequently Asked Questions

What exactly is XSLT Mapping?

XSLT Mapping in SAP CPI is a powerful tool for transforming and mapping XML data during integration scenarios. It allows you to convert data from one format to another, filter data, and generate complex XML documents and messages.

Why is XSLT Mapping essential in SAP CPI?

XSLT Mapping acts as the bridge between applications with different data formats, ensuring they can exchange information seamlessly.

What are the core elements of XSLT Mapping?

XSLT Mapping is essential in SAP CPI because it allows for complex data transformations and mappings between different formats during integration scenarios. This is particularly important when integrating with systems that use different data structures and formats.

Here are some specific examples:

  • Mapping data while maintaining semantics from one XML structure to another.
  • Choosing just the information that is pertinent to the target system from the filtered data.
  • Transforming data, such as changing dates, currencies, and measuring units.
  • Producing intricate XML files and messages, such OData queries and responses.
  • Customize business logic implementation in integration scenarios.

How do I create XSLT Maps?

To create XSLT maps in SAP Cloud Platform Integration (CPI), use the Integration Flow design feature. Within the flow, add an "XSLT Mapping" step. Define the source and target structures and apply XSLT transformations by configuring the XSLT stylesheet to map and transform data between them.

Are there alternatives to XSLT Mapping in SAP CPI?

Yes, alternatives include Message Mapping and Java Mapping, each with its own strengths and use cases.

  • Graphical Mapping: Graphical Mapping is a visual tool that allows you to map data between different formats. It is a good option for simple mappings, but it can be difficult to use for complex mappings.
  • Groovy Scripting: Groovy Scripting is a more powerful alternative to XSLT Mapping. It allows you to write custom code to transform and map data. Groovy Scripting is a good option for complex mappings, but it requires more knowledge of programming.
  • JavaScript Scripting: JavaScript Scripting is another powerful alternative to XSLT Mapping. It is similar to Groovy Scripting, but it uses the JavaScript language. JavaScript Scripting is a good option for complex mappings, but it also requires more knowledge of programming.
Forbes Technology Council, Official Member (2022)
Forbes Technology Council, Official Member (2022)

About the Author

Jaspreet is an Executive Consultant with expertise in SAP, SaaS/Cloud Integrations, Cyber Security and Data Science. Jaspreet is hands-On Architect who does Pre-Sales, Solution Architecture, Development, Lead Delivery of Complex Integration programs, Manage disperse teams and Ensure successful Project Go-Live/Goals. He has made a lasting impact on global businesses IT projects including Aflac, Advanced Energy, Donnelley Financial Solutions(DFIN), Dell EMC and many more.

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